, A 2018 study in the Journal of Peace Research found that leaders who survive coup attempts and respond by purging known and potential rivals are likely to have longer tenures as leaders.  The authors argue that coup attempts can have this consequence because leaders of successful coups have incentives to democratize quickly in order to establish political legitimacy and economic growth, while leaders who stay in power after failed coup attempts see it as a sign that they must enact meaningful reforms to remain in power. ", "Integrating the Civil–Military Relations Subfield", "Reanalysis: Are coups good for democracy?  A third 2015 study finds that Western states react strongest against coups of possible democratic and human rights abuses. When supported by external democratic actors, coup leaders have an incentive to push for elections to retain external support and consolidate domestic legitimacy. a seeker or holder of public office, who is more concerned about winning favor or retaining power than about maintaining principles. Used by inmates, and C.O. This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 15:47. Institutions, conflict, and the military's role in politics", "Will Turkey's coup attempt prompt others nearby? They had a somewhat higher chance of success in Africa and Asia. They handle the day-to-day administration and operation of a business. In French, the word État (French: [eta]) is capitalized when it denotes a sovereign political entity.. He wrote: According to Naunihal Singh, author of Seizing Power: The Strategic Logic of Military Coups (2014), it is "fairly rare" for the prevailing existing government to violently purge the army after a coup has been foiled. " Another 2016 study shows that protests increase the risk of coups, presumably because they ease coordination obstacles among coup plotters and make international actors less likely to punish coup leaders. Since an unsuccessful coup d'état in 1920, the Kapp Putsch, the Swiss-German word Putsch has also been used in English. Pronounced [pʊtʃ], and originally coined for the Züriputsch of 6 September 1839 in Switzerland, putsch denotes the politico-military actions of an unsuccessful minority reactionary coup. ", Clayton Thyne and Jonathan Powell's dataset of coups defines attempted coups as "illegal and overt attempts by the military or other elites within the state apparatus to unseat the sitting executive. How to use coup d'état in a sentence. He left Paris after the coup d'etat of 1851 and spent nine years in England. This quote is the first sentence of a 2004 editorial in the Kentucky New Era.  Research shows that some coup-proofing strategies reduce the risk of coups occurring. The word political comes from the Greek word polis which means city or state and is close in meaning to the Latin res publica which became republic. A 2003 review of the academic literature found that the following factors were associated with coups: The literature review in a 2016 study includes mentions of ethnic factionalism, supportive foreign governments, leader inexperience, slow growth, commodity price shocks, and poverty. Among the Plains Indians of North America, counting coup involved the winning of prestige against an enemy. , A 2018 study found that coup attempts were less likely in states where the militaries derived significant incomes from peacekeeping missions. John J. Chin, David B. Carter & Joseph G. Wright. In what revolutionary tyrants call grand[s] coups d'état, as butchering, or poisoning, or drowning, en masse, they are exclusively employed. A chief operating officer is part of a company’s executive team. 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